A resurgent left, and the rapid growth of the Greens, look certain to condemn President Nicolas Sarkozy to two years' hard labour when French regional elections are completed this weekend. Opinion polls suggest that an alliance of the Socialists, the Greens and the harder left is likely to sweep at least 21 of the 22 regions in metropolitan France after the second round of voting today.

Despite the low turnout, last Sunday's first round suggests France has undergone a severe electoral earth tremor, if not an earthquake. Jean-Marie Le Pen's far-right National Front has regained some ground, but far more threatening to Sarkozy may be the recovery of the left.

The Socialists, the Greens and two somewhat harder-left parties scored 49.9% of the vote last Sunday – the highest score for the left in an equivalent nationwide poll for more than half a century.

The vote changes many of the calculations for the next presidential election in 2012. For the first time since the collapse of the communist vote in France, the combined left appears to have the electoral ammunition to enter a presidential race with confidence.

All that the left lacks is a credible presidential contender. There has been serious talk this week of a combined left and Green presidential primary next year to pick a single candidate. This would be a revolution in French politics but, given the dispiriting list of likely runners and riders, it would not necessarily produce a 'French Blair' or a 'French Obama'.

The Socialist leader, Martine Aubry, is given much credit for rebuilding her party but may lack the charisma to run successfully for the presidency. Some French journalists have started com­- paring her to the German chancellor, Angela Merkel, but Aubry is no Merkel and France is not Germany.

All the same, the resurgence of the centre-left, dismissed as moribund a year ago, has produced deep depression, and recriminations within Sarkozy's centre-right: its total vote last Sunday – just over 27% – was the lowest in any poll since the Fifth Republic was founded in 1958.

Sarkozy, and his close aides and allies, have refused to accept that this is the president's fault. Senior figures in his own party, the Union pour un Mouvement Populaire (UMP), say the poor score can only partly be explained by the global recession. They say Sarkozy has paid the price for his erratic reforms, his veering between statist and liberal attitudes, and his monarchical approach to issues such as the aborted promotion of his 23-year-old son, Jean, to a senior political post.

Less than a year ago, Sarkozy was regarded, within his own camp, as invincible. Many grumbling voices were heard last week. Senator Philippe Dallier said that the president's policies had become "unreadable". Claude Goasguen, a UMP deputy on the economically liberal right of the party, said that the president's "ouverture" to left-wing appointments and his lurches into statism had "done us terrible harm".